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Welcome back to week three of our Exodus Bible study. If you haven’t done so already, feel free to jump in and join us. You’ll find everything you need to get started, including a copy of the Bible study guide on our intro post. Click here to go there now.
Please note: If you have trouble keeping up with all of the questions in the study guide, I would suggest that you read a chapter and choose 2 or three questions/day. You don’t have to answer every question, and in fact, you could save those for the next time you go through the study. The questions are designed to help you dig deeper–not overwhelm you. So enjoy yourself and dig into God’s word!
Exodus 11-15 – Questions and Answers
Exodus Chapter 11
What is the final plague we find in this chapter?
The death of the firstborn
What verse did we read back in Exodus 4:22-23?
“And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: and I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.”
Why was Moses great in the sight of these people? (v.3) What had changed their attitude?
God gave Moses favor. He also gave the Israelites favor in the sight of the Egyptians.
What were the Hebrews instructed to do before leaving Egypt?
They were instructed to borrow jewels of silver and jewels of gold from the Egyptians.
It’s interesting to note that the Egyptians were ready to part with their gold and silver. Perhaps it was due to their fear in the God of the Israelites. And yet, they did not fear God enough to apply the blood to their doorposts. This illustrates the heart of man who is often more willing to give than they are to obey.
Exodus Chapter 12
What were they instructed to do on the 10th day of the first month?
To bring a lamb without spot into their home and take care of it until the 14th of the month. This gave the family an opportunity to both inspect the animal during that time and also to bond with it. Bonding with the animal was God’s way of teaching them the precious cost of sin.
What were they instructed to do on the 14th day of the month at twilight?
They were to slaughter the lambs at twighlight.
How does this compare 1 Corinthians 5:7 and Matthew 27:45-50?
Christ is our Passover lamb, who was sacrificed on this very same day. We are saved through faith in His blood.
What were they instructed to do with the blood?
Put it on the sides and tops of the doorframes of the houses where they eat the lambs.
What were they instructed to do in the evening of that same day?
That same night they are to eat the meat roasted over the fire, along with bitter herbs, and bread made without yeast.
Which false god was this final plague directed at? See verse 12.
All of the gods of Egypt.
What happened to those who put the blood on their doorposts?
The angel of death passed over their home. They were protected by faith in the blood.
How does this compare to Romans 3:24-26?
God presented Christ to be our sacrificial lamb. We are saved through faith in His blood.
The Passover and the Feast of Unleavened bread were a shadow of things to come. What do you think they each represent in a Christian life?
The Passover is salvation through faith in the blood of Christ who died for our sins.
The feast of unleavened bread represents walking in the Spirit as we leave a life of sin and death behind us. Yeast is the influence of sin, which if left unchecked has the potential to grow in our lives. Those who follow Christ choose to walk in obedience to their faith.
How many people left Egypt and what did they take with them?
About six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children left Egypt. We’re also told that many others left with them, which teaches us that even then was ALL who put their faith in the blood were saved. They plundered the Egyptians taking silver and gold with them.
Exodus Chapter 13
What was the significance of setting apart the firstborn?
One reason is because the first-born meant that you were giving God your best. It was a way of saying, I’m giving God my first and my best and trusting that He will provide the rest.
We see this faithfulness as early as Exodus chapter 4, where Cain gave “some of his fruit” as an offering to the Lord, but Abel brought, “fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock.” The Lord was pleased with Abel’s offering, but not so with Cain’s.
Another reason is because the first-born represented Israel which God referred to as His first born. “And you shall say unto Pharaoh, Thus says the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn.” – Exodus 4:22
Therefore, the consecration of the firstborn would be a reminder of how God rescued the Israelites from slavery.
What were they instructed to do for seven days beginning at Passover?
“Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the Lord. Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the Lord did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.” (Exodus 13:6-8 KJV)
Why was it important that the bread be unleavened? What did that represent?
The leaven represents the influence that sin has on a person’s life. When we are born again, we leave our sinful past behind us to walk in newness of life.
What does 1 Corinthians 5:8 say about celebrating this feast?
That we should celebrate with sincerity and truth.
What does it mean to “redeem with a lamb?”
To redeem is to “buy or pay off.” (dictionary.com) Because of the penalty of sin, we all have a debt that requires the payment of death. Not just any death, but an unblemished, perfect sacrifice that was only found in Jesus Christ. The lamb was symbolic of Jesus who redeemed us (paid our debt) from sin when He shed his blood and gave His life up on the cross.
How is this a parallel to the Christian life?
The redemption of the lamb in Exodus 13 is parallel to the redemption of our lives through Jesus Christ, the “Lamb of God.”
“The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” – John 1:29
What were they instructed to say to their children?
“By strength of hand the Lord brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage” (Exodus 13:14 KJV)
How did the pillar of cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night, help the children of Israel?
The Lord lead them by day in a pillar of a cloud and at night He gave them light with pillar of fire so that they could walk day and night and know the way.
Which way did God lead them? Why?
God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt. But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea. (vs. 17-18)
What did Moses take with him when he left Egypt, and why? Also see Genesis 50:25.
Moses took the bones of Joseph with him. “And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.” (Exodus 13:19 KJV)
Exodus Chapter 14
Why did God place the Israelites in such a precarious position? Why didn’t He let them take the easiest road out of Egypt?
What they deemed as an impossible situation was an opportunity for God not only to bless them with the gift of deliverance, but to reveal His glory to the world.
Are you in a difficult situation? If so, what comfort can you glean from this chapter?
When God directs our steps it won’t necessarily make sense to us, in fact, it might be daunting, overwhelming, and and stressful at times. And so it’s important for us to remember that we’re right where God wants us to be. We must keep in mind that nothing is impossible to God. He excels man in wisdom and power.
Those who put their trust in Him are wise to remember that He’s at work in their lives whether they understand it or not. A difficult situation is an opportunity to connect with God in ways that would otherwise be missed. It opens a door to deliverance, it opens a door to His glory and power, it opens a door to His grace.
What is the connection between the exodus from Egypt and salvation in Christ? How is the deliverance of the people through the Red Sea a picture of our Salvation?
The Red Sea is a symbol of baptism. It illustrates the death of one life as they leave Egypt behind them and the birth of a new one when they reach the other side. In the same way, when we give our lives to God, we die to ourselves so that we might live with Christ.
“Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.” Romans 6:3-4
What did Pharaoh take with him when he pursued the Israelites?
Exodus 14:6-7 says “And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.” KJV
Why did God continue to harden Pharaoh’s heart again and again?
So that God would be honored and so that everyone would know that He is the one true God.
What stood between the Egyptian army and the Israelites?
The angel of God stood between the Egyptian army and the Israelites.
“And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.” – Exodus 14:19-20 KJV
How long did God hold back the water so they could cross on dry land?
“And the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the Lord overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.” – Exodus 14:21, 27
What did God do to slow down and ultimately destroy Pharaoh’s army? How many survived?
God commanded the waters to return over the all of the Egyptian army, leaving no survivors, while He let the children of Israel walk safely upon dry land.
“Thus the Lord saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.” Exodus 14:30
Exodus Chapter 15
What was the reaction of the children of Israel after God defeated Pharaoh and his army?
After God defeated the Pharaoh and his army the children of Israel sang to the Lord, saying
“I will sing unto the Lord, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea. The Lord is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him. The Lord is a man of war: the Lord is his name.”- Exodus 15:1-3 KJV
Moses uses several adjectives in this chapter when describing God. What are some of them?
He is exalted
He is my strength and defense
He is my God
He is my father’s God
He is a warrior
He is majestic in power
Majestic in holiness
Awesome in glory
What is the first trial the Israelites experienced after crossing the Red Sea?
Moses brought the Israelites into the wilderness of Shur and they went three days and found no water.
How does your knowledge of God’s care and faithfulness to the children of Israel encourage you in your life?
Both that He is mighty to save, and that He provides for our needs.
What is the promise that God gives to them?
“If you listen carefully to the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep all his decrees, I will not bring on you any of the diseases I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, who heals you.” – Exodus 15:26
What are the four conditions that God attaches to the promise?
If you listen carefully to the Lord your God
If you do what is right in his eyes
If you pay attention to his commands
If you keep all his decrees
A Journey Through Exodus – Bible-Study Journal