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Exodus Bible Study – Exodus 31-35 – Weekly Recap

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Welcome back to week seven of our Exodus Bible study. If you haven’t done so already, feel free to jump in and join us. You’ll find everything you need to get started, including a copy of the Bible study guide on our intro post. Click here to go there now.

Please note: If you have trouble keeping up with all of the questions in the study guide, I would suggest that you read a chapter and choose 2 or three questions/day. You don’t have to answer every question, and in fact, you could save those for the next time you go through the study. The questions are designed to help you dig deeper–not overwhelm you. So enjoy yourself and dig into God’s word!

Exodus 31-35 – Questions and Answers

Exodus Chapters 30&31 Questions and Answers

(Just a reminder that although we are reading Exodus 31-35 this week, some of the questions in the study guide combine chapters)

We see that incense was burned daily in the tabernacle. What do you think this was symbolic of? If you aren’t sure, you can try Googling “incense in the Psalms.”

In Psalm 141:2 David compares incense to prayer, “Let my prayer be set forth before thee as incense; and the lifting up of my hands as the evening sacrifice.”

What can this teach us about our lives?

Aaron burned the incense every morning and every night, which is a reminder to be in prayer at all times.

Who was counted in the census?

Everyone aged 20 and up.

In Exodus 30:11-12 why was a ransom required?

It was a symbol to them that their sin came with a cost. Every soul was guilty and therefore every soul was required to pay the same price.

Romans 6:23 says, “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

What was the money used for?

To maintain the tabernacle they were building

What was this ransom symbolic of?

This ransom pointed to Christ who paid the price for our sin in full.

For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time. – 1 Timothy 2:5-6

What would happen to Aaron and his sons if they didn’t wash?

If they didn’t wash with water, they would die when they came to the altar to minister.

What particular instruction about the incense to we find in verse 37?

The mixture was holy, therefore they weren’t allowed to use the ointment or the recipe for personal use.

How did God equip Bezalel? Who did He appoint to help him?

He was filled with the Holy Spirit and was given the gifts of wisdom and skill so he could build the tabernacle. God also appointed Aholiab of the tribe of Dan and gave wisdom to workmen that would help them as well.

What instructions were given regarding the Sabbath?

That they would keep the Sabbath. God wanted to ensure that they would work six days and rest on the Sabbath, and so He instructed them before they set out to work.

After God finished speaking to Moses, what did He give him?

Two tables of stone written with His own finger.

 

Exodus Chapter 32 Questions and Answers

Why were the people impatient?

Because Moses was gone up the mountain for so long.

Let’s get back to our timeline. How long had Moses been on the mountain? Exodus 24:18

For forty days

What can this teach us about waiting on God?

That God’s timing isn’t always the same as ours. An important part of faith is patience, because it means that we are relying on God’s will in His time.

What did Aaron make them?

He made them a golden calf out of their earings and an altar in front of it.

What was God’s response to their sin in verses 9-10?

His anger burned against them.

What did Moses bring down the mountain?

Two stone tablets with the covenant law written on both sides.

How did Moses react when he saw the calf and the dancing?

He was so angry that he threw the tablets on the ground.

What did he do with the calf?

He burned it, then he ground it into a powder, he threw it into the water, and made them drink it.

What transpired in this chapter to set the Levites apart from the other tribes?

When Moses asked, whoever is for the Lord come to me, the Levites ran to him. They were then commanded to take a sword, go through the camp and kill their brothers, their friends and their neighbors.

What I see in this chapter is that Aaron was just as sinful as the rest of the Israelites. In fact, perhaps even more so as he created the golden calf and led them to worship it. At first I thought, how could God use him? Why would God choose such a sinful man to be his high priest?

But them I realized that God doesn’t expect us to be perfect—He calls us to repentance where we are perfected by faith.

Aaron and his sons were Levites and therefore they were the repentant ones who made a tough choice that day to turn away from their sin and follow the will of God at all costs.

This is symbolic to our calling of faith where in Luke 14:26 it says, “If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brothers, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.”

One must be careful not to focus on the word hate and miss the point of this message. Or to take it out of context and ignore the other verses that command us to love. To hate in this sense means to give up anything that stands in the way of our faith. It means that we choose God at all costs.

In verses 33 God mentions the book of life. Can you find another Bible verse that talks about being blotted out from the book of life? What does the verb phrase “blot out” mean?

Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous. – Psalm 69:28

Blot out means: to make indistinguishable; obliterate: (dictionary.com)

Exodus Chapter 33 Questions and Answers

When was the promised land first mentioned in the Bible?

“In the same day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.” – Genesis 15:18-21

Why did the people mourn at the beginning of this chapter?

Because they were so stubborn and stiff-necked, God said that He wouldn’t go with them on their journey to the promised land. He appointed an angel to go before them, but when the people heard this, they mourned.

What took place whenever Moses entered the tent of meeting? (It’s interesting to note that the tabernacle wasn’t built yet at this point, but Moses had some sort of a tent called the “tent of meeting.”)

Whenever Moses went out to the tent of meeting, the people stood and watched until he entered the tent. Once he entered, a cloudy pillar came down and stood at the door of the tent while Moses talked with God.

How did God speak to Moses?

Verse 11 says, “The Lord spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend.”

In order to gain a better understanding of this verse, we must take the rest of the chapter, and the rest of the Bible into context.

In verse 20 God says, no man can see my face and live. John 1:18 and 1 John 4:12 say that no one has seen God at any time. 1 Timothy 6:16 says that God dwells in unapproachable light.

The Hebrew word, paniym (Strong’s H6440) translated here as “face,” is used in a variety of applications throughout scripture, both literally and figuratively. It can simply mean in the presence of the Lord. In fact (and this is interesting), the exact same word is used in verse 14 when God says, “My presence [paniym] shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.” You’ll find that word “presence” (paniym) again in verse 15.

And so we must be careful not to assume that Moses saw the literal face of God as that would contradict the rest of this chapter.

Moses made a request to the Lord that He would go with them. What reason does God give for granting this request?

Because Moses found grace in His sight, and because God knew Him by name.

In the same way, we’re saved by grace. Jesus knows each one of His follower by name. We’re more than a face in the crowd, or a stranger with a ticket to heaven. We have an intimate relationship with our redeemer and friend.

“To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.” – John 10:3

Compare verse 11 to verse 20. Did Moses see God’s face or didn’t he? Read verses 18 to 22 to for a deeper understanding.

Notice in verse 21, God instructed Moses to stand upon a rock. This rock symbolized Christ without whom no one has access to God.

Earlier in this chapter we see that God spoke to Moses, which is to say that Moses was in the presence of God speaking as one friend to another.

Then Moses asks if He might see the glory of God. He had been in God’s presence, but now He was asking to see the manifestation of that presence.

John Piper writes, “The Bible never gives us glimpses of God’s nature merely for intellectual discussion. It opens the name and glory of God to our understanding in order to help us revere God and love him and trust him and obey him. So when God stands before Moses and uncovers his innermost soul — the glory of his absolute divine freedom — he is doing it for a very practical purpose, namely, to give Moses encouragement to get on with his mission of leading a stiff-necked people on to the promised land.”

Exodus Chapter 34 Questions and Answers

What did the Lord ask Moses to do?

To carve out two stones like the first ones and bring them up on Mt. Sinai in the morning.

How did Moses illustrate compassion and love in both this chapter and chapter 33? What can this teach us about our prayer life?

He prayed that God would forgive the sins of his people. What’s interesting to note here is that Moses included himself when he prayed about the stiff-necked sinners. “pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance.” Verse 9.

This is reminder to humbly pray for others. If we see someone in sin, we need to bring that person to prayer.

The Lord descended on the mountain in a cloud. What other verses in Exodus speak about this cloud?

“And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.” – Exodus 13:21-22

What do we learn in this chapter about the character of God?

That He is merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but still He doesn’t ignore sin.

What three feasts are mentioned in this chapter?

The feast of unleavened bread

The feast of weeks

The feast of ingathering

From our study on Exodus 23: 

Each of these feasts were fulfilled through the Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Each of them were designed to help them understand salvation and to lead them to repentance.

Passover – Just as the Israelites were protected by blood during their flight from Egypt, we are protected by the blood of the Lamb. When Jesus became our Passover Lamb, His blood became our protection from sin.

Pentecost – The descent of the Holy Spirit, which Jesus promised He would send is also known as the Pentecost. This came 50 days after the resurrection of Christ (Acts 2). The original feast was celebrated 50 days after the wave-sheaf offering that took place during the feast of unleavened bread.

Tabernacles – John 1:14 tells us, “And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us.” That Greek word for “dwelt” here is skénoo (stong’s G4637). It is translated as, “to fix one’s tabernacle, have one’s tabernacle, abide (or live) in a tabernacle.” Further into the book of Exodus we’ll read about the tabernacle the Israelites were instructed to make in which God dwelt with His people. “And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.” – Exodus 25:8

“Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.”
– Colossians 2:16-17

How long was Moses on the mountain this time?

40 days and 40 nights

What did Moses look like when he came down from the mountain?

His face was shining

Exodus Chapters 35-37 Questions and Answers

Before they set to work on the tabernacle. What important law did Moses remind them of?

That they were to work six days and rest on the seventh. Even those who do the Lord’s work need to have a day to rest.

What were some of the offerings that the people were invited to bring?

Gold, and silver, and brass. Blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats’ hair, and rams’ skins dyed red, and badgers’ skins, and shittim wood.

Oil for the light, and spices for anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.

And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.

If you remember, in Exodus chapter 12, the Lord gave the Hebrews favor in the sight of the Egyptians so that they lent them jewels and fine clothing. Verse 36 of chapter 12 says, “they spoiled the Egyptians.”

Charles Spurgeon writes, “Let none say that this was robbery. It would have been, had it not been commanded of God; but as a king can set aside his own laws, so God is above his laws, and whatsoever He orders is right… Sometimes necessity has no law: how much more shall that God who is above all necessities be the master of his own laws? The great Potentate, the only wise God, the King of kings, hath a right to make what laws He pleases; and let not vain man dare to question his Maker, when his Maker gives him a command.”

Who brought these offerings to the Lord?

Whoever had a willing heart.

What were these offerings called in verse Exodus 35:29?

A “willing offering” or a “free-will offering”

What did some of the skilled women do?

They spun cloth and goat’s hair.

In addition to skill and wisdom, what ability did God give to Bezalel and Oholiab? See verse Exodus 35:34.

The ability to teach others to do the work.

What do we learn about their generosity from Exodus 36:5-6? How can we apply this to our own lives?

They were so generous that they brought more than they needed.

We can learn from their example to not only give with a willing heart but to also give generously.

What does their adherence to detail and direction teach us about our walk of faith?

Sometimes it’s easier to cut corners, and other times it makes sense to do things our own way instead of God’s. In fact, I’ve often heard people say, “Well my God wouldn’t do this…” or “My God wouldn’t do that…” when their agenda didn’t match the truth of God’s word.

The Israelites could have saved themselves a lot of time and effort if they simplified God’s plan for the tabernacle, but they didn’t because they trusted that His wisdom ran deeper than theirs. Every loop and every stitch went according to plan because every minute detail was dictated by God.

The more that we read the Word and come to an understanding of His will, the more we find that the details were placed there with purpose. And so we walk by faith adhering to God’s Word, whether it fits our agenda or not.

 A Journey Through Exodus – Bible-Study Journal
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