Exodus Bible Study – Week 2 – Recap

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Week 2 – Exodus chapters 5-8 (8 will be added later this weekend)

Below are my notes for the week. Don’t forget to pick up your coloring page at the bottom of the post. Have a great weekend!

 

P.S. Don’t forget to join in our 30 days of gratitude each day. You can find those posts on my facebook page too!

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Exodus 5 – Pharaoh Increases the Labor

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Shown above Quieting Your Heart: Gratitude Journal, available at Amazon (affil link)

 

Exodus chapter 5 shows us how manipulative and evil Pharaoh was. Not only did he reject God’s command to let His people go, he also went to great extents to undermine God’s plan.

By taking away the straw, he increased their labor, making it impossible for the slaves to keep up with their quota. This frustrated the Hebrews, who took out their anger on Moses and Aaron.

It would have been easier for them if Moses and Aaron hadn’t gone to Pharaoh with their request. It would have been easier for them if things stayed as they had been–at least for a season.

So it is in our own lives when it comes to doing the right thing. Following God isn’t the easy road, in fact it’s difficult when Satan seeks to undermine God’s plan for your life. The Bible tells us that he walks about seeking whom he may devour. He’ll make your life as difficult as possible in hopes that you’ll turn your back against God and return to a life of sin.

Those who trust God and believe in His Son look ahead to the promise of life in His kingdom. We trust God because we know that the suffering we experience here is temporary, and that nothing we experience is comparable to unspeakable blessings ahead.

“Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are accomplished in your brethren that are in the world. But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.” – 1 Peter 5:8-10

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Exodus 6 – Looking to the Promise Ahead

In chapter six, we see God reveal Himself to His people as Jehovah. It would seem as though this name was new to them, but in fact it was frequently used in the book of Genesis where it’s often translated as “Lord.”

Jehovah, “Yĕhovah” means “the existing one.”

Here’s where it gets interesting. The root word, “hayah” means “to happen, fall out, occur, take place, come about, come to pass.”

So there was much more to God’s name than His existence, there was a promise of something yet to come.

By revealing Himself as Jehovah, He was signifying to His people that the hope of the promise was near. Again, this was important to them since the promise of becoming a mighty nation was passed down for hundreds of years.

He goes on to reaffirm the promises of making them a strong nation, redeeming them from the bondage of slavery, and giving them the land of Canaan.

Isn’t it amazing to see how these promises parallel the covenant between Jesus Christ and His church? They were God’s people, as we too are God’s people, when we believe in Jesus Christ. He has redeemed His people with a mighty hand through His death on the cross, and finally He is preparing a home for us according to the promises He made.

“Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me. In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.” – John 14:1-3

Be careful that you don’t fall into the same mindset that the Isrealites did, when “they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.” (Exodus 6:9)

When following Christ gets difficult, or when you start losing faith look ahead to the promise with hope.

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Exodus 7 – The Ten Plagues Begin

When I read Exodus through the first time, I was kind of stumped on chapter seven verse one, “And the Lord said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.”

When I read it through again, I found the answer in chapter four, verse 16, “And he [Aaron] shall be thy spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God.” And so we see that God was affirming that Moses would be the mediator. He would be God’s instrument of power over Pharaoh and to the Hebrews, while Aaron would be his voice.

This chapter is a pivotal point in the Exodus story. From here we start to see the 10 plagues of Egypt unfold, proving the sovereignty and the authority of God. Over the years, the Egyptians worshipped hundreds of false gods.  These gods would soon be minimized by the demonstration of God’s supreme power over the earth.

Wikipedia states, “The beings in ancient Egyptian tradition who might be labeled as deities are difficult to count. Egyptian texts list the names of many deities whose nature is unknown and make vague, indirect references to other gods who are not even named. The Egyptologist James P. Allen estimates that more than 1,400 deities are named in Egyptian texts, whereas his colleague Christian Leitz says there are “thousands upon thousands” of gods.” (Wikipedia: Ancient Egyptian Dieties).

As we are going through them, however, we can definitely spot some of them such Hapi, the god of the Nile. I was studying the Nile River earlier on this study and I remember reading how the Egyptians would walk along the banks of the river and spread seeds on the river banks. Every year, the banks of the river would flood, it would moisten the soil, and the seeds would bring forth a harvest. Of course they attributed this annual flood to the god of the Nile, Hapi, which is a slap in the face to the goodness of God.

I won’t tell you the others since I want you to consider them as you’re working your way through this study, but I will tell you that there’s a list of Egyptian deities you can refer to on Wikipedia. It’s a really interesting read. Here’s a link:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Egyptian_deities

 

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Exodus 8 – The Plagues Continue

 
In Exodus chapter 8 we see God unleashing three more plagues: frogs, lice, and flies. Like many false believers, Pharaoh only turned to God when he wanted relief from his pain. Each time God removed a plague, Pharaoh hardened his heart yet again, refusing to let the people go.
 
Heket was known the the ancient Egyptians as the goddess of fertility, and in fact had the head of a frog. An abundance of frogs would often appear before the yearly flooding of the Nile, which they attributed to Heket. An abundance of frogs was one thing, but an over abundance of frogs wreaked havoc on the city as they entered the homes and the fields to find moisture and warmth. When the frogs died, the city stunk, which was God’s way of displaying His supremacy over their false god.
 
Geb (also known as Seb) was the ancient Egyptian “god of the earth.“ After reading several commentaries, I wondered why people connected Geb to the plague of lice. They seemed disconnected, but then I saw it–God used the very dust of the earth that they worshipped to bring about the plague of lice. It’s interesting and sad to note that the magicians recognized this plague as the finger of God, but that recognition of power further angered Pharaoh instead of bringing him to repentance.
 
And finally in this chapter we read about the plague of the flies. As I was reading through the scripture, I started to notice that everywhere the word “flies” appeared, it was in italics, so I went to the Blueletter Bible (blueletterbible.org) to see what the original Hebrew context was. I couldn’t find the word “flies” there either, but we do know that there were swarms of these insects in Pharaoh’s home. “And the Lord did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants’ houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies.” (v. 24)
 
Many scholars believe that this plague was designed to mock the famous insect god, Khepri. Khepri had the face of a beetle and was connected with the sunrise, rebirth, and creation.

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Written by Darlene Schacht

I'm an Evangelical Christian whose number one priority is to serve Jesus Christ in every area of my life. My husband Michael and I live in Manitoba Canada. Married 25 years, we have four children (three still at home), a bird and two pugs who are everyone's babies, especially mine! Our lives are basically surrounded with three things: our faith, music and everything books. I’m an award winning and New York Times best-selling author who is nothing without the grace of God. Facebook: timewarpwife Twitter: timewarpwife Pinterest: timewarpwife

7 Comments

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    Nyesha Rainey says:

    The Compromises of Pharaoh:
    As I am reading through the 10 plagues, I noticed that Pharaoh made 4 compromises to Moses and Aaron. The first two are found in Exodus chapter 8:
    1. Exodus 8:25 (This is after the plague of sacred beetles (flies)) Pharaoh says to go sacrifice to God in the land of Egypt. When you read on, you see Moses does not comply. He says if we stay in the land of Egypt, our worship will be an abomination to the Egyptians and will they not stone us? Looking at this and applying it to our spiritual lives, 2 Corinthians 6:17 says to separate ourselves and touch not the unclean thing. As Christians, we must make and know the difference without compromise between our lives and the world.
    2. Exodus 8:28 Pharaoh says go to sacrifice to God in the wilderness but don’t go too far from Egypt. In other words, keep Egypt in sight. Many Christians have not fully given their lives over to Christ and the devil is pleased. If the devil cannot keep you in Egypt (world), he wants to arrange your life so you will keep Egypt (world) in sight.
    The 3rd and 4th compromises are found in chapter 10:
    3. Exodus 10: 8-11 Pharaoh says only take the men to go worship but leave the women and children. The devil seeks to divide families any way that he can and if one spouse is a Christian while the other is still in the world, oftentimes the pull is so great to go back out into the world. I have experienced this on a personal level even within the Christian community. I was unhappy at my former church and my husband and I sought out a new church home and when we found one that we liked as a family. My in laws pulled him to the side to try to convince him to stay at the “family” church and let me and our son go where ever we wanted. He had to say that if the devil can break up families, he breaks up communities and then countries and then the world. He further questioned why he would let his wife and child go to one church while he attends his family church especially since I influenced him to go to church more in the first place. They were not happy with him but like Moses, he did not compromise.
    4. Exodus 10:24 Pharaoh says to take the women and children but leave your property. Basically leave a little interest in Egypt. But Moses once again did not compromise and this is telling us to make a clean break from the world. Once again, 2 Corinthians 6:17.
    These compromises pose food for thought for us as Christians and definitely something to pray about.

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    Evelyn says:

    I was thinking about 5:21 that they were “made odious in Pharaoh’s sight.” It reminded me that the work God does in us can make us odious in other’s sight, either because we stand out as light, or because they don’t want to be around our suffering. It also makes life hard us for the time, in a sense, odious to ourselves too. But maybe that is so that we are ready to move on and grow? I wonder how much of the promised land we miss by refusing to leave “Egypt”? If we accepted our suffering as something temporary that God has for us to walk in then maybe it would end sooner or be more bearable. It’s something that I have been in the middle of all year…

    I wrote about it here…
    http://evelynbray-lighthill.blogspot.com/2016/08/surrender-to-suffering.html

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    Paula says:

    Darlene, Nyesha, and Evelyn,
    I am throughly enjoying reading my way through Exodus during this Thanksgiving season. I am learning quite a lot of ways and things to be thankful for. I’ve never looked at the book of Exodus this way before. I am also finding myself digging deeper to better understand some things. I have found myself growing much closer to our Lord! I am so thankful and grateful for this Bible study. It has brought a lot to light in my life. Please keep me in your prayers. My life is up in the air right now and I’m waiting on the Lord for more answers. I am grateful for the answers I have received and pray the Lord continues to bless us all. Thank you all. May GOD bless each of you reading this.

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    Sheryl says:

    Hi
    We have started reading this in our women group ! It started at my local church but has reached other ladies across the states!
    The study gives us a connection this month as we share the Word of God with each other and help to keep us accountable to the daily reading of the Word. We are also keeping the journal .. We have
    been able to focus on the positives at such a time as this in our lives and country!
    Thanks

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