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Exodus 21-25 Weekly Intro

Scroll down the page for all of the free resources for this week, including insights on each chapter, printable scripture cards, and (if you haven’t printed a copy yet) the FREE study guide. The study questions for each week are all recorded in the study guide below.

Note: If you would prefer to get the journal on Amazon, ALL of the study questions are in the journal: Click here to find it on Amazon

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This Week’s Reading Schedule: 

Monday – Exodus 21
Tuesday – Exodus 22
Wednesday – Exodus 23
Thursday – Exodus 24
Friday – Exodus 25

My Thoughts on Exodus Chapters 21-25

Exodus Chapter 20

Contrary to popular belief, the Ten Commandments don’t exist to simply give believers a list of do’s and don’ts. They weren’t designed to burden God’s people, but rather to give them direction, and guidance and grace. By showing them where they went wrong (failed to keep the law of God) they recognized their need for a Savior. And so the law, including the Ten Commandments was God’s way of pointing mankind to salvation.

In Romans 3:23 Paul reminds us that, “all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” And in Romans 3:10, he writes, “There is none righteous, no, not one.”

The Ten Commandments illustrates the character of God who is just and fair, and loving and kind. While He provides protection and guidance, He also offers a time of rest for His people.

He wants my devotion, my love, and my full attention. When we put Him first, all of the other commandments fall into place. I’m created for His pleasure–designed to crave Him above anything else. Therefore my joy is incomplete, without complete reliance on Him.

John Piper writes, “In demanding our praise, He is demanding the completion of our pleasure. God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him.”

Exodus Chapter 21 – 22

What really stood out to me in these two chapters, was the compassion of God for His people. He started off by addressing the least among them—the servants–and how they should be treated. He went on to make laws that gave a voice to virgins, daughters, the unborn, widows, hard-working men, orphans, animals, and the poor.

In particular, I noticed how at the end of chapter 22, He is gracious and empathetic, thoughtful and kind–willing to fight for those who can’t fight for themselves.

I couldn’t help but wonder how many times I’ve glossed over these chapters without stopping to realize just how amazing He is.

Exodus Chapter 23

In this chapter, the Israelites are instructed to keep certain feasts at certain times of the year. A closer look at these feasts teaches us that every detail points the believer to Christ.

The Feast of Unleavened Bread (verse 15) is symbolic of both the death of Christ and repentance. By removing any trace of leaven from their diet (and their home) they illustrate a life wholly devoted to God by leaving the sin of their old life behind.

The second feast listed in this chapter, “The Festival of Harvest,” is known by several names today, the most popular being Pentecost. It’s also known as The Feast of Weeks because it took place seven weeks after the Feast of First Fruits (the resurrection of Christ). This feast also aligns with the giving of the law at the foot of Mount Sinia seven weeks after the Israelites left Egypt.

Shavuot marked the beginning of a new season. This was the first day that the first fruits (the 7 species of fruit identified with Israel) could be brought to the temple as an offering unto the Lord. The first fruit of the season, also referred to as “bikkurim,” were set apart. The way that a farmer would designate the first fruit was by tying a reed to it the moment it came to fruition. This allowed the farmer to recognize the first fruits upon harvest, and to designate them for the Lord.

Farmers would gather their wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and dates. Then packing them up in their baskets, they would journey to Jerusalem for the celebration of Shavuot.

The Feast of Ingathering (verse 16) is also known as “Sukkot,” or “The Feast of Tabernacles.” In Leviticus 23:42-43, we see that they were called to do specific things during the time of this feast: 

“Live in temporary shelters for seven days: All native-born Israelites are to live in such shelters so your descendants will know that I had the Israelites live in temporary shelters when I brought them out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God.” NIV

The dwellings that God commanded Israel to live in for seven days is known today as a “Sukkah.” Each family was to prepare a simple shelter with sticks and bits of wood, or anything else that they could find. These temporary dwellings would be a physical reminder of what their ancestors had to live in for over 40 years as they wandered through the desert on their way to the promised land.

What’s interesting to note is that while there are seven feasts in total, only three of them are mentioned in this chapter. Why? Because these three feasts have one common denominator–they are what is known as “pilgrimage feasts.” Pilgrimage feasts were not only celebrated, they had to be celebrated in Jerusalem.

Why did so many people witness the death and resurrection of Christ? They were instructed to celebrate the feast of Unleavened Bread in Jerusalem at that time of year.

Why were there “devout Jews out of every nation under heaven,” in Acts chapter 2? And how did 3,000 souls come to salvation that day? Thousands of Jews were in Jerusalem for The Feast of Weeks.

And so we see God’s timing in these pilgrimage feasts, as they pointed to the coming Messiah.

For more information on the Biblical feasts, pick up my book, The Beauty of Jesus Revealed in the Feasts. Available at Amazon.

Exodus Chapter 24

The symbolism is rich in this chapter! In verse 8 we read, “Moses then took the blood, sprinkled it on the people and said, “This is the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.” (NIV)

Compare that verse with Matthew 26:28, where Jesus says, “This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” (NIV)

And so we continue to see every detail of the Exodus story both point to Christ and mirror the salvation message through Him.

Immediately after that, God tells Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and stay here, and I will give you the tablets of stone with the law and commandments I have written for their instruction.” (V 12, NIV) And what do we see in the New Testament?

In the New Testament, we see the law is written upon our heart by the work of the Holy Spirit, “This is the covenant I will make with them after that time, says the Lord. I will put my laws in their hearts, and I will write them on their minds.” – Hebrews 10:16, NIV

Why was the transformation from stone to flesh necessary? Why would it need to be re-written on our hearts when some already knew the law so well? Again it’s symbolic as the work of Jesus Christ transforms the heart of those who believe. “I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit in you; I will remove from you your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.” – Ezekial 36:26, NIV

John Piper writes, “Hebrews is teaching that, when we are born again, God gives us a new heart and a new spirit, and the result is that the law of God written in Scripture is no longer offensive to us. We are no longer hostile to it like Paul says in Romans 8:7.  We are not hostile to the word of God, but rather, we are submissive. We delight to do God’s commandments.”

Exodus Chapter 25

In this chapter, we’re introduced to the ark of the covenant. This was the placed in the holiest part of the tabernacle, and later in the holy of holies within the temple. It was within this room that the shekinah glory (a pillar of cloud or fire) rested above the ark of the covenant signifying the presence of God.

Once a year on the day of atonement, the High Priest would carry the blood of a bull into the Holy of Holies. Taking his finger, he sprinkled the blood of the bull once on the mercy seat; and seven times before the Ark of the Covenant, making atonement for himself and for that of his family.

For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life. (Leviticus 17:11, NIV)

As we see in that verse from Leviticus, life is in the blood. It’s for this reason that the blood of Christ was necessary in order to atone for the sins of the people. In Romans 5, Paul explains how sin entered the world through one man, and death through that sin. Adam and Eve didn’t suffer a physical death that moment they sinned, but spiritually they were dead in that they were separated from God. The blood of Christ was the life-giving atonement that bridged the gap between God and man. The blood of bulls, and that of goats, which we read about in the Old Testament, didn’t have the power to take away sin. They didn’t have the life-giving power that would reconcile God and man. No, it simply pointed the way to Christ and illustrated the importance of the shedding of blood. The substitutionary sacrificial atonement of Christ is the only solution for man and the only way to salvation.

At this point, no one knows where the Ark of the Covenant is today. After the Babylonian captivity, the Israelites returned to Jerusalem, but the Ark of the Covenant did not. What we do know however is that we will see it again in heaven.

“Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and within his temple was seen the ark of his covenant. And there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake and a severe hailstorm.” – Revelation 11:19, NIV.

I also enjoyed the symbolism of the lampstand in this chapter. When I first studied this, I saw the lampstand as the Holy Spirit burning within the heart of every believer. As I dug deeper, I saw a bigger picture, which was the light that shines out from within us. This light is fuelled by the Spirit of Truth. The more we adhere to that truth—the brighter we shine. And so it’s important that we keep these lamps burning by obeying the truth.

The number six represents man. We see six branches stemming from the main branch of the lampstand. The number seven represents completion, and so we see that we are complete in Christ the main stem of the lamp.

The light is the fruit of our faith that brings glory to God.

Three cups shaped like almond flowers with buds and blossoms are to be on one branch, three on the next branch, and the same for all six branches extending from the lampstand.” (verse 33)

This fruit/light is the love we give to others. It’s standing up for the truth when we’re standing alone. It’s the joy we have in our hearts. It’s the peace we find in the midst of our pain and the gentle way we forgive.

For ye were sometimes darkness, but now are ye light in the Lord: walk as children of light: (for the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;) proving what is acceptable unto the Lord. – Ephesians 5:8-10

 

FAQ: How do I participate in this study? 

It’s simple. If you haven’t done so already, download a copy of the FREE Bible study guide. You’ll find the download further down this page.

On Mondays, I’ll have new resources for you right here on the blog, including an intro to each chapter. Friday is a recap of the week, at which time I’ll post my answers to the study questions. During the week, you’ll study at home, following the outline of the study guide. You can study alone or with a group of friends–well suited for either. In addition to my posts here, you can find me on Facebook. I’ll share my thoughts via facebook live on Wednesdays. I’ll also open up the discussion for you to share your thoughts during the series. Here is a link to my facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/timewarpwife

Note: This study is FREE, but there is an optional addition for anyone who wishes to purchase a journal instead of downloading one. In addition to the questions, the journal is beautifully designed with daily Bible verses. The link for the journal is at the bottom of this post or you can go straight to Amazon to find it. Click here.


ONLINE RESOURCES:  These are my favourite online Bible study tools!
Bible Gateway – Every version you can imagine is online
Matthew Henry’s Commentary on the Whole Bible
Looking for an easier commentary? Here’s the Concise Version
Other commentaries you might prefer
Interlinear Bible – I love this one!
Blue Letter Bible – Dig into the Hebrew and Greek
Bible Word Search 

 FREE BIBLE STUDY GUIDE

click the image to view and download, or click here

You do not need anything else for this study other than a Bible and a pen!

Additional Option… 

In addition to the study guide, I’ve created a journal (available now at Amazon) for the study.  The journal has all of the same questions that the printable version has PLUS daily Bible verses and beautiful graphics.

FAQ: What’s the difference between the journal and the FREE study guide? 

The journal is not only beautifully designed, it also has everything in one place so that you don’t have to download and print the questions. It’s designed to be a keepsake in which you can journal, and then tuck away for future reference.

It’s ideal for group study because members can take their booklets home, answer the questions, color in the pages if they like, and bring them back each week to share their thoughts.

The journal is available now on Amazon. I’ve also provided some sample pages below so you can take a peek inside. (This post contains affiliate links)

(Please note: The journal is an optional addition. You do not require it to take part in this study, and will definitely enjoy the free resources I provide)

 

 A Journey Through Exodus – Bible-Study Journal
Now Available

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This Week’s Scripture Cards

Week Five – Part One | Part Two

2 Comments

  • Jan

    Hi, Thank you so much for this study which I am so enjoying. I just found your site and cannot find the videos for lessons 20-40. It doesn’t matter is they are sideways or not: sometimes my ears hear sideways. Thank you so much for putting these online. You have put a lot of hard work in these studies and I appreciate you. May God bless and keep you and yours.

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